Name: __________________________________________________________________ Date: __________ Period: ______

PhotoJournalism –

Elements of Photography Notes

Photography is all about capturing a moment_______________________.  And there are a lot of ways you can play a factor in how that moment is captured. _______Composition_____________________ can play a huge factor in making a blah photo into a fantastic one.

Composition techniques

Rule of ________Thirds_______





Leading _______Lines_______

Rule of thirds

How often has your mom or a friend put the subject in the middle of the picture? _____Forget the middle._____________________________. Start placing your subjects in one of the _____thirds______________ of the photo.

Imagine a __________tic-tac-toe___________________________________ board as you look through the viewfinder. The lines should divide the photo into ______3 quadrants___________________________________________ vertically and horizontally. Where the ___________lines intersect___________________________________ is where you should place your subject.

Camera angle

____Angle____________ can make a subtle or a sharp difference in the look of your photo.

If you _________always_____________ take pictures at __standing height_______________, STOP!

Crouch down low. Get even _______lower____________. Lay down on the floor. Get up ____________higher__________. Stand on a chair or a table. Just try a ________different angle_____________________________!

A _____________bird’s eye view_____________________________ is from above, looking down on the subject. It will make the subject look smaller and can show more _______expansive area___________________________________.

Shooting at the ______same level as the person______________________________ can give a more intimate, _______connected____________________ feel.

A _______worm’s eye view_______________________ is from below, looking up. It can make the subject look ________bigger________________.


Lighting can easily alter the ____mood_____________of a photo. You can take advantage of ____________natural light________________ or _____artificial light___________________to light your subject.

Or to not light your subject.


Using ___objects______________ to frame the subject can lead the viewer’s eye right where you want it.

The object can be as simple as a ____door____________ or a window or __another item____________________________.


Having a motion blur can give your photo a ____fluid look____________________, help the viewer ___feel_________ the movement. You can slow the ____________shutter speed down____________________   (____1/40th_____ or slower) by itself or you can _____pan________ as well. Using a _____monopod______________, tripod or something to set the camera is necessary when using slow shutter speeds.

Leading lines

Just like it sounds, an object or objects in the frame __________direct your eye______________________________ to one area of the photograph.

They could be ________actual lines___________________ or simply ______objects____________ or items that are fairly straight and ____________directing you____________ in a certain direction.

Your assignment

Use each composition technique in two different photo

(every photo should be different! Not the same subject!.) Put all 12 photos in a PowerPoint, labeling each slide with the technique used. Include a title slide. Place in 3rd/4th period Photojournalism  folder on the server, save as “Lastname_composition.”

Rule of thirds





Leading Lines

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