Elements of Photography Notes

Name: _Betsy Martinez__ Date: 10-19-12_ Period: _4th

PhotoJournalism –

Elements of Photography Notes

Photography is all about ____capturing a moment___  And there are a lot of ways you can play a factor in how that moment is captured. __Compositon_ can play a huge factor in making a blah photo into a fantastic one.

Composition techniques

Rule of __thirds_____________





Leading __lines_____________

Rule of thirds

How often has your mom or a friend put the subject in the middle of the picture? ____________forget the middle______________________. Start placing your subjects in one of the ____________thirds________ of the photo.

Imagine a ______tic-tac-toe_______________________________________ board as you look through the viewfinder. The lines should divide the photo into ___three quadrants______________________________________________ vertically and horizontally. Where the ______lines intersect________________________________________ is where you should place your subject.

Camera angle

______angle__________ can make a subtle or a sharp difference in the look of your photo.

If you __________always____________ take pictures at ____standing height_____________, STOP!

Crouch down low. Get even __lower_________________. Lay down on the floor. Get up higher__________________. Stand on a chair or a table. Just try a ___different angle_______________________________________!

A ________________bird’s eye view__________________________ is from above, looking down on the subject. It will make the subject look smaller and can show more ___expansive area_______________________________________.

Shooting at the ___same level as the person_________________________________ can give a more intimate, __________connected_________________ feel.

A __________worms eye view____________________ is from below, looking up. It can make the subject look ________________________.


Lighting can easily alter the _____mood____________of a photo. You can take advantage of ___________natural light_________________ or _______artificial light_________________to light your subject.

Or to not light your subject.


Using __________objects________ to frame the subject can lead the viewer’s eye right where you want it.

The object can be as simple as a ______door__________ or a window or ____another item__________________________.


Having a motion blur can give your photo a ____fluid____________________, help the viewer ___feel_________ the movement. You can slow the ______________shutter speed__________________   (______1/40th ___ or slower) by itself or you can ______pan_______ as well. Using a ___monopod________________, tripod or something to set the camera is necessary when using slow shutter speeds.

Leading lines

Just like it sounds, an object or objects in the frame ____________direct your eye to___________________________ to one area of the photograph.

They could be ________actual lines___________________ or simply ____objects______________ or items that are fairly straight and _______directing_________________ in a certain direction.

Your assignment

Use each composition technique in two different photo

(every photo should be different! Not the same subject!.) Put all 12 photos in a PowerPoint, labeling each slide with the technique used. Include a title slide. Place in 3rd/4th period Photojournalism  folder on the server, save as “Lastname_composition.”

Rule of thirds





Leading Lines

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