12-13 Semester Exam Review (Midterm)



1. What are the types of white balance and draw the symbol for each.

  1. Auto ( camera sets white balance )
  2. Daylight ( camera adds warm tones )
  3. Cloudy ( camera adds warm tones )
  4. Shade ( camera adds warm tones)
  5. Tungsten( camera adds cool tones)
  6. Fluorescent ( camera adds warm tones )
  7. Custom ( photographer sets white balance )

2. What is the difference among large format cameras, medium format, DSLR, and compact?

Large Format Camera: Cameras that use a flim or digital sensor 4×5 inches or larger

Medium Format: Film and digital cameras that record images on media larger than 35 mm, but smaller than 4×5 size


•Digital SLR (DSLR) cameras have large and heavy bodies.

•DSLRs have sensitive imaging chips that produce high quality images even on poorly lit environments.

•Lenses are detachable and can be replaced with other compatible lenses with different features. 


• Commonly known as point and shoots
• Lens is not interchangeable

3. What time periods were they used?

Medium format : 1890-1950

4. What does SLR stand for?

Single reflex lens

5. Who made the first photograph?


6.Who is Daguerre and what did he contribute?

Louis Daguerro,  It was the first image that was fixed and did not fade and needed under 30 minutes of light  exposure.

7. What is the rule of thirds? What would a photo look like using this?

The lines should divide the photo into three quadrants vertically and horizontally.

Where the lines intersect is where you should place your subject.

8. What are leading lines?

an object or objects in the frame direct your eye to one area of the photograph.

9. What is framing?

Using objects to frame the subject can lead the viewer’s eye right where you want it.

10. What’s the difference between bird’s eye and worm’s eye view?

Bird’s eye: looking below making the object look smaller 

Worm’s eye: looking under the object to look bigger

11.  What is libel?

when someone is exposed to hatred, ridicule, or has his/her reputation damaged as a result of false information that has been published.
12. What is obscenity? The acronym for the test to determine?

This is not within constitutionally protected speech or press. 

(LAPS test) literary, artistic, political, or scientific value

13. What is invasion of privacy?

Right to be left alone
Concerns your peace of mind and how you feel about yourself

14. Copyright infringement?

exploits any of the rights of copyright without the copyright owner’s permission 

15. What is the difference between being unethical and breaking the law in photojournalism?


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