midterm Review

12-13 Semester Exam Review


Things to Know:

1. What are the types of white balance and draw the symbol for each.

Auto White Balance – AWB

Daylight – sun–> =O=

cloudy – cloud–> o@o

shade – house with shade–> |^|\

tungsten – lightbulb–> =0=

Fluorescent – light up battery–> <=>

Flash – lightning bolt–> }}

Custom – >#<

2. What is the difference among large format cameras, medium format, DSLR, and compact?

large format have film or a digital sensor 4×5 or bigger, you need a tripod, pictures developed in a black room, often used for landscapes, fine art and advertising. Medium record on 35mm-4×5, used 1890-1950’s, types; SLR, TLR, rangefinder. SLRs use 35mm film or are digital, singe lens reflex, mechanical parts with large heavy bodies, work like a periscope. DsLR have imagery chips that take quality images even in dimly lit settings, they are large and more expensive. Compact cameras shoot on 35mm/digital film, non-nterchangeabe lenses, may have a zoom, have a shorter lens, lightweight, less buttons, less quality but cheeper, easy to use.

3. What time periods were they used?

see above

4. What does SLR stand for?

Single Lens Reflex

5. Who made the first photograph?

Joseph Niepce took the world’s first photograph in 1826

6. Who is Daguerre and what did he contribute?

He introduced the daguerreotype process of photography and became know as the father of photography. images on silver plated copper and the photo stayed there.

7. What is the rule of thirds? What would a photo look like using this?

The rule of thirds is putting your subject it a section of grid lines  and this offsets the subject of the photo from the center

8. What are leading lines?

leading lines lead your eye to the subject in the photo.

9. What is framing?

using something in the photo to create  frame for the subject

10. What’s the difference between bird’s eye and worm’s eye view?

birds eye is above, worms is from below

11.  What is libel?

when you print false information about someone and they can prove loss of reputation.

12. What is obscenity? The acronym for the test to determine?

these are photos that he average person would find offense=ve and doesn’t pass the LAPS test.

13. What is invasion of privacy?

when you invade their privacy.

14. Copyright infringement?

passing off someone else’s work as your own or using their work without permission.

15. What is the difference between being unethical and breaking the law in photojournalism?

breaking the law can get you sued while breaking ethics is just frowned upon in the photography community. 

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